a|gainst [ ə`genst ] preposition ***
1. ) in opposition to someone or something
a ) used for stating which plan, idea, or action someone opposes and thinks is wrong:
Amnesty International has campaigned publicly against the death penalty.
I'm against all forms of censorship.
b ) used for stating who or what you are trying to defeat in a game, race, or fight:
The Dodgers have won their last three games against the Cardinals.
The king's son died in battle, fighting against the Persians.
the fight against drugs in our city's schools
c ) against your will if someone makes you do something against your will, you do not want to do it:
No one will be forced to leave home against their will.
d ) against someone's wishes/advice if someone does something against your wishes/advice, they do it even though you do not want them to do it/advise them not to do it:
She took the two children away against her husband's wishes.
Against the advice of his doctor, Maynard insisted on taking part.
2. ) touching or hitting someone or something
a ) touching or hitting the surface of something:
He leaned over and his lips brushed against her hair.
I fell heavily against the bookshelves.
b ) very close to and touching something, especially so that it is used as a support:
We left Ron's bicycle propped against a tree.
3. ) not allowed by law
a ) if there is a law against doing something, it is illegal:
The state has a law against cruelty to animals.
b ) against the law/rules not allowed by the law/rules:
It is against the law to park here overnight.
4. ) directed toward or affecting someone or something in a negative way
a ) used for stating who is harmed or affected by something:
The dictator is charged with crimes against humanity.
Police are investigating death threats made against a prosecution witness.
illegal discrimination against minority employees
count against (=cause someone to have a disadvantage): He's over 40, so his age may count against him.
b ) used for stating who someone dislikes or feels angry toward:
There was growing resentment among the people against their foreign rulers.
turn against (=become unfriendly toward someone): Louis turned against his former ally, and withdrew his support.
c ) have something against someone to dislike or not approve of someone or something for a particular reason:
I think he's got something against artists.
have nothing against someone (=have no reason to dislike someone or something): I have nothing against Tom personally.
d ) used for saying who is accused of doing something wrong:
accusation/charge/allegation against someone: Accusations of bribery had been made against the vice president.
Police are expected to bring criminal charges against Warren.
5. ) providing protection from something used for stating what is causing harm or affecting someone or something:
The plants must be protected against frost until late spring.
Children were vaccinated against diseases such as smallpox and polio.
6. ) in comparison with something
a ) used for comparing one thing or amount with another:
This year's profits amounted to only $35 million, against $52 million last year.
as against: Why is there a preference for the American system as against the British?
b ) measure/judge etc someone/something against someone/something to compare someone or something with someone or something else:
We measure our achievements against the highest standards.
7. ) in the opposite direction if someone or something moves against the wind, the current, etc., they face it and move in the opposite direction:
We were sailing against a strong easterly wind.
8. ) with a background behind if something appears against a background, it is seen with the background behind it:
The dark ruins of the castle stood out against the evening sky.

Usage of the words and phrases in modern English. 2013.


Look at other dictionaries:

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  • against — [ə genst′; ] also, esp. Cdn & Brit [, əgānst′] prep. [ME ayeynst, opposite to, facing < OE ongegn, ongean (see AGAIN), with adv. gen. es + unhistoric t] 1. a) in opposition to or competition with [a fight against evil] b) contrary to [against… …   English World dictionary

  • Against Me! — на сцене фестиваля Coachella, 2007 Основная информация Жанр …   Википедия

  • Against — A*gainst (?; 277), prep. [OE. agens, ageynes, AS. ongegn. The s is adverbial, orig. a genitive ending. See {Again}.] 1. Abreast; opposite to; facing; towards; as, against the mouth of a river; in this sense often preceded by over. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Against me! — im Jahre 2007 auf dem Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival in Indio, Kalifornien. Gründung 1997 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Against Me! — tocando en Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival 2007. Datos generales Origen G …   Wikipedia Español

  • Against — may refer to: Against (album), a 1998 album by Brazilian heavy metal band Sepultura Against (song), the title track song from the Sepultura album Against (American band), an American thrash band Against (Australian band), an Australian hardcore… …   Wikipedia

  • Against Me! — im Jahre 20 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • against — ► PREPOSITION 1) in opposition to. 2) to the disadvantage of. 3) in resistance to. 4) in anticipation of and preparation for (a difficulty). 5) in relation to (money owed, due, or lent) so as to reduce, cancel, or secure it. 6) in or into contact …   English terms dictionary

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